Introduction to Athletics

Para Athletics offers a wide range of competitions and events. Track events include sprint (100m, 200m, 400m), middle distance (800m, 1500m), long distance (3000m, 5000m) and relay (4x100m). Field events include long jump, club throw, discus, shot put and javelin.


Everyone can take part in athletics. Athletes compete according to their functional classification in each event. Cerebral Palsy impairment types are included in the coordination impairment classes – ataxia, athetosis and hypertonia.


The classification classes consists of a prefix of T or F and a number. The prefix T stands for track and the F stands for field. Ataxia, athetosis and hypertonia are allocated classes T31-T38 and F31-38. The ability to control legs, trunk, arms and/or hand function are typically affected. The lower the number is, the more severe the activity limitation. Athletes in classes 31-34 compete in a seated position, e.g. in a racing wheelchair or using a throwing chair. By contrast, athletes in the sport classes 35-38 have increased function in their legs and increased trunk control so therefore compete standing, e.g. in running events, long jump or throwing events.

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